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The Upton Automobile & The Upton Machine Co.

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The Upton Machine Co.
Beverly, MA

The Beverly Mfg. Co.
Beverly, MA

The Upton Machine Company was an American Automobile and transmission manufacturer in Beverly, Massachusetts. The Upton Machine Co. was formed in 1900 with $100,000.00 capital. Henry W. Goodrich was president, William J. Murray was secretary and Colcord Upton was vice-president and general manager.

The Upton was named after it's general manager. The first Upton was a light Runabout equipped with a single cylinder 3-4 horsepower engine, chain drive to a two speed transmission and then a single chain drive to the rear axle.

1903 Upton Touring Car
1903 Upton Touring Car

In 1903 a new Upton was designed with a Tonneau body. It was equipped with a more powerful four cylinder engine with cylinder bore of 4 inches and a stroke of 4 1/2 inches. At a speed of 850 revolutions per minute the four cylinder was claimed to develop 16 horsepower. A De Dion carburetor was used. The engine had jump spark ignition that could be controlled by lever on the steering wheel. Whitlock Coil Pipe Co. built the radiator. The transmission was built by The Upton Machine Co. for this automobile and other American Automobiles. The Upton Transmission shown below had two speeds forward and reverse. Final drive was by a chain and a tranverse differential.

1900-1902 Upton Transmission
1900-1902 Upton Transmission

The wheel base of the 1903 Upton was 90 inches, tread was 57 inches. Wood artillery wheels were 32 inches and equipped with four inch clincher tires. The rear wheels were equipped with double acting brake drums operated by a foot lever. The Upton weigh in at 2,400 pounds. Shown below is a 1903 Upton Delivery Wagon.

1903 Upton Delivery Wagon
1903 Upton Delivery Wagon

The Upton Machine Co. was succeeded by Beverly Mfg. Co. in 1904 after Colcord Upton left the company in June of 1903 and organized the Upton Gear Company in New York City where he built Upton transmissions. Although the reason is not known for certain, disagreement with his associates is a safe guess, because he took his name with him. In 1904 the Upton Machine Company in Massachusetts revised the Upton car and renamed it the Beverly, which survived up to 1907.

In the fall of 1904, Colcord Upton and Milton H. Schnader decided to manufacture automobiles Lebanon, PA. The name Upton was chosen in part because the Upton Machine Company (The Beverly Mfg. Co.) of Beverly, MA had discontinued Upton production.

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